Calendar

Below is a work-in-progress calendar of notable dates for American women whose work as artists and activists was notably influenced by experience abroad. See something missing from this list? Let me know!

January

  • January 1, 1879: Lucy Seaman Bainbridge sailed from Providence, Rhode Island to begin her first trip around the world, which included stops in Japan, China, Burma, India, Egypt, The Holy Land, Germany, Paris, and England.
  • January 3, 1793: Lucretia Mott born in Nantucket, Massachusetts.
  • January 3, 1966: Marguerite Higgins died in Washington, D.C. Was the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize in International Reporting (1951).
  • January 5, 1939: Amelia Earhart declared legally dead after disappearing in July 1937.
  • January 6, 1944: Ida Tarbell died in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
  • January 6, 1929: Elizabeth Bisland Whetmore died of pneumonia in Charlottesville, Virginia. She was buried in the same New York cemetery as her round-the-world rival, Nellie Bly.
  • January 8, 1859: Fanny Bullock Workman born in Worchester, Massachusetts.
  • January 11, 1885: Alice Paul born in Mount Laurel Township, New Jersey.
  • January 15, 1876: Alice Rohe born in Lawrence, Kansas.
  • January 15, 1905: Emily “Mickey” Hahn born in St. Louis, Missouri.
    January 18, 1842: Lucy Seaman Bainbridge born in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • January 22, 1925: Fanny Bullock Workman died in Cannes, France.
  • January 25, 1890: Nellie Bly arrived in New Jersey on 3:51 p.m., having circumnavigated the world in 72 days, 6 hours and 11 minutes. She beat rival Elizabeth Bisland by about five days.
  • January 27, 1922: Nellie Bly died in New York City. She was buried in the same cemetery as her round-the-world rival, Elizabeth Bisland Whetmore.
  • January 26, 1892: Bessie Coleman born in Atlanta, Texas.
  • January 30, 1961: Dorothy Thompson died in Lisbon, Portugal.
  • January 30, 1890: Elizabeth Bisland arrived in New York after having circumnavigated the world in 76 and a half days, about five days behind her rival, Nellie Bly.
February
  • February 2, 1905: Ayn Rand born in St. Petersburg, Russia.
  • February 5, 1820: Susan B. Anthony born in Adams, Massachusetts.
  • February 6, 1993: Ruth B. Cowan died in Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia.
  • February 7, 1935: Corra Mae Harris died in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • February 7, 1936: Elizabeth Robbins Pennell died in New York City.
  • February 11, 1861: Elizabeth Bisland born in St. Mary Parish, Louisiana.
  • February 15, 1999: Martha Gellhorn died in London, England.
  • February 18, 1997: Emily “Mickey” Hahn died in New York City.
  • February 21, 1855: Elizabeth Robins Pennell born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • February 26, 1907: Mary Elizabeth McGrath Blake died in Boston, Massachusetts.
March
  • March 6, 1982: Ayn Rand died in New York City.
  • March 13, 1906: Susan B. Anthony died in Rochester, New York.
  • March 14, 1919: Dickey Chapelle born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
  • March 17, 1850: Margery Deane born in Hartwick, New York.
  • March 17, 1869: Corra Mae Harris born near Elberton, Georgia.
  • March 25, 1931: Ida B. Wells died in Chicago, Illinois.
  • March 30, 1964: Nella Larsen died in New York City.
  • March 31, 1951: Jessie Ackerman died in Pomona, California.
April
  • April 4, 1895: Helen Dore Boylston born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
  • April 7, 1957: Alice Rohe died in New York City.
  • April 10, 1914 or 1915: Harriet Bell Merrill died in Illinois.
  • April 11, 1833: Charlotte Alice Baker born in Springfield, Massachusetts.
  • April 12, 1975: Josephine Baker died in Paris.
  • April 13, 1891: Nella Larsen born in Chicago, Illinois.
  • April 13, 1959: Blair Niles died in New York.
  • April 28, 1923: Carolyn Cassady, a Beat writer and artist, was born in Lansing, Michigan.
  • April 29, 1921: Annie Edson Taylor died in Lockport, New York.
  • April 30, 1926: Bessie Coleman died in an airplane crash in Jacksonville, Florida.
May
  • May 1, 1967: Philippa Duke Schuyler died in a helicopter crash near Da Nang, Vietnam.
  • May 5, 1864: Nellie Bly born in Cochrans Mills, Pennsylvania.
  • May 6, 1890: Gertrude Emerson Sen born in Lake Forest, Illinois.
  • May 8, 1952: Elizabeth Robins died in Brighton, United Kingdom.
  • May 10, 1848: May French Sheldon born in Bridgewater, Pennsylvania.
  • May 14, 1980: Sigrid Schultz died in Chicago.
  • May 18, 1873: Mary Boyle O’Reilly born in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • May 22, 1970: Delia Julia Akeley died in Daytona Beach, Florida.
  • May 22, 1863: Josephine Diebitsch Peary born in Washington, D.C.
  • Mary 23, 1810: Margaret Fuller born in Cambrideport, Massachusetts.
  • May 24, 1870: Ynes Mexia born in Washington, D.C. or Limestone County, Texas.
  • May 25, 1919: Sarah Breedlove (Madam CJ Walker) died in Irvington-on-Hudson, New York.
  • May 29, 1991: Ethel L. Payne died in Washington, D.C.
June
  • June 3, 1906: Josephine Baker born in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • June 14, 1904: Margaret Bourke-White born in the Bronx, New York.
  • June 4, 1996: Aloha Wanderwell died in Newport Beach, California
  • June 15, 1880: Blair Niles born in The Oaks, Virginia
  • June 19, 1967: Peggy Hull died in Carmel, California.
  • June 23, 1943: Marie Mattingly Meloney died in Pawling, New York.
  • June 25, 1984: Annie “Londonderry” Cohen Kopchovsky left Boston with one change of clothes and a revolver to begin her 15-month journey around the world on a bicycle.
  • June 27, 1907: Elizabeth Cabot Cary Agassiz died in Arlington, Massachusetts.
July
  • July 2, 1937: Last radio transmissions from Amelia Earhart, somewhere near Howland Island.
  • July 4, 1878: Jessie Ackerman born in Frankfort, Illinois.
  • July 7, 1819: Mary Atkins born in Jefferson, Ohio.
  • July 12, 1938: Ynes Mexia died in Berkeley, California.
  • July 16, 1967: Marguerite Elton Baker, American spy, died.
  • July 17, 1937: Harriet Chalmers Adams died in Nice, France.
  • July 9, 1893: Dorothy Thompson born in Lancaster, New York.
  • July 9, 1977: Alice Paul died in Moorestown, New Jersey.
  • July 16, 1862: Ida B. Wells born in Holly Springs, Mississippi.
  • July 16, 1967: Marguerite Harrison died in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • July 18, 1935: Annie Smith Peck died in New York City.
  • July 19, 1850: Margaret Fuller died with her husband and child in a shipwreck off of Fire Island, New York.
  • July 24, 1897: Amelia Earhart born in Atchinson, Kansas.
  • July 28, 1879: Lucy Burns born in Brooklyn, New York.
August
  • August 2, 1931: Philippa Duke Schuyler born in New York City.
  • August 6, 1886: Inez Milholland born in Brooklyn, New York.
  • August 6, 1862: Elizabeth Robins born in Louisville, Kentucky.
  • August 12, 1885: Helen Hunt Jackson died in San Francisco, California.
  • August 12, 1876: Mary Roberts Rinehart born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania.
    August 14, 1911: Ethel L. Payne born in Chicago, Illinois.
  • August 27, 1971: Margaret Bourke-White died in Stamford, Connecticut.
September
  • September 1, 1840: Mary Elizabeth McGrath Blake born in Dungarvan, Ireland.
  • September 3, 1920: Marguerite Higgins born in Hong Kong. Was the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize in International Reporting (1951).
  • September 14, 1882: Mary Atkins died in Benicia, California.
  • September 20, 2013: Carolyn Cassady, a Beat writer and artist, died in Bracknell, England.
  • September 22, 1958: Mary Roberts Rinehart died in New York City.
  • September 24, 1895: Annie “Londonderry” Cohen Kopchovsky arrived in Boston after a 15-month cycling trip around the world.
  • September 30, 1984: Helen Dore Boylston died in Trumbull, Connecticut.
October
  • October 13, 1906: Aloha Wanderwell born in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
  • October 14, 1856: Eliza Ruhamah Schidmore born in Clinton, Iowa.
  • October 15, 1830: Helen Hunt Jackson born in Amherst, Massachusetts.
  • October 18, 1909: Helen Kirkpatrick born in Rochester, New York.
  • October 19, 1850: Annie Smith Peck born in Providence, Rhode Island.
  • October 21, 1939: Mary Boyle O’Reilly died in Auburndale, Massachusetts.
  • October 22, 1875: Harriet Chalmers Adams born in Stockton, California.
  • October 24, 1923: Denise Levertov born in London, England.
  • October 24, 1893: Annie Edson Taylor was born in Auburn, New York.
  • October 24, 1901: On her 63rd birthday, Annie Edson Taylor went over Niagara Falls (Horseshoe Falls) in a wooden barrel.
  • October 26, 1902: Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in New York City.
  • October 30, 1968: Rose Wilder Lane died in Danbury, Connecticut.
November
  • November 3, 1928: Eliza Ruhamah Schidmore died in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • November 4, 1965: Dickey Chapelle killed by shrapnel south of Chu Lai, Vietnam. She was the first female American reporter killed on a battlefield.
  • November 5, 1857: Ida Tarbell born in Amity Township, Pennsylvania.
  • November 8, 1908: Martha Gellhorn born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • November 10: Mary Atkins sailed for Shanghai to begin her 115-day journey abroad.
  • November 11, 1947: Annie “Londonderry” Cohen Kopchovsky died in New York.
  • November 11, 1880: Lucretia Mott died in Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania.
  • November 12, 1815: Elizabeth Cady Stanton born in Johnstown, New York.
  • November 14, 1889: Nellie Bly set sail from Hoboken Pier on theAugusta Victoria, beginning her 72-day journey around the world, which set a travel speed record. Elizabeth Bisland left New York, heading west, in an attempt to beat Bly back to New York, which she failed to do by only four days.
  • November 19, 1928: Lucy Seaman Bainbridge died in New York City.
  • November 19, 1934: Joanne Kyger, Beat poet, was born in Vallejo, California.
  • November 20, 1888: Margery Deane died in Paris, France
  • November 25, 1916: Inez Milholland died in Los Angeles, California.
December
  • December 5, 1886: Rose Wilder Lane born in De Smet, Dakota Territory.
  • December 5, 1784: Phillis Wheatley died in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • December 5, 1869: Delia Julia Akeley born in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin.
  • December 5, 1822: Elizabeth Cabot Cary Agassiz born in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • December 8, 1878: Marie Mattingly Meloney born in Bardstown, Kentucky.
  • December 19, 1955: Josephine Diebitsch Peary died in Portland, Maine.
  • December 20, 1997: Denis Levertov died in Seattle, Washington.
  • December 22, 1966: Lucy Burns died in Brooklyn, New York.
  • December 23, 1867: Sarah Breedlove (Madam CJ Walker) born near Delta, Louisiana.
  • December 29, 1997: Helen Kirkpatrick died in Williamsburg, Virginia.
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